HIA Reports

Health impact assessment of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Hirono K, Haigh F, Gleeson D, Harris P and Thow, A M. Negotiating healthy trade in Australia: Health impact assessment of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement. Liverpool, NSW: Centre for Health Equity Training Research and Evaluation, part of the Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Australia, 2015.

 

Villawood East Master Plan HIA

Villawood East is a public housing estate in Western Sydney, established during the early 1950s and in need of improvement. NSW Finance and Services and NSW Family & Community Services are developing a Master Plan for the Villawood East area.  The key objectives of the Master Plan are to:

  • Reduce the concentration of public housing and increase the availability of affordable housing.
  • Enhance the urban structure.
  • Enable the formulation of detailed planning controls to achieve high quality urban design outcomes.

In 2008 Housing NSW , Sydney and Sydney South West Local Health Districts and the Centre for Health Equity Training Research and Evaluation formed the Health and Housing Partnership. The vision of the housing and health partnership is working together to improve the health and wellbeing of the communities of South West Sydney. As part of the partnership’s strategic development, in late 2010 it was decided to follow the planning process for the Master Plan being developed for Villawood East. Health would collaborate with housing NSW across the process to understand the points where health could usefully add value to that process. This health impact assessment (HIA) forms part of this
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Draft Residential Densities Strategy Mackay: Health Impact Assessment

Carless, F. & Gunning, C. (2011). Draft Residential Densities Strategy Mackay: Health Impact Assessment. Mackay Public Health Unit, Queensland Health: Mackay.

The Mackay Regional Council area is one of the fastest growing in Queensland, with strong growth forecast over the coming decades. Managing the challenges associated with high  population growth is one of the drivers of Council’s Draft Residential Densities Strategy  which outlines its vision for more compact urban areas within the region.

Recognition of the relationship between land use planning and health is not new and  nationally there is much interest in translating this knowledge into practice. A tool which has  emerged to contribute to this practice is Health Impact Assessment (HIA), a process which  engages decision makers to consider health impacts in their planning, policy and program  deliberations.  To identify indirect health impacts that may be associated with the Draft Residential  Densities Strategy, Queensland Health initiated a Health Impact Assessment with assistance  from the Department of Communities, Mackay Regional Council and the Centre for Health  Equity Training Research and Evaluation.  Using a rapid HIA process, including collection of data via literature review and stakeholder  consultation, and development of a population profile, the HIA project team generated a set of recommendations.

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Marang Dhali Eating Well EFHIA

David Meharg, Aboriginal Population Health Trainee

Western NSW Local Health District

November 2011

This prospective desk-based Equity Focused Health Impact Assessment (EFHIA) aims to examine the equity issues relating to Marang Dhali Eating Well (MDEW). MDEW is a locally designed Aboriginal food and cooking program to improve food security in four Aboriginal communities within the Western New South Wales Local Health District (Western NSW LHD). This EFHIA makes predictions about the potential health impacts of MDEW and recommendations to maximise health gains and minimise health risks.

 

EFHIA_Marang_Dhali_Eating_Well

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Health Impact Assessment of the Northern Territory Emergency Response

Australian Indigenous Doctors’ Association and Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation, UNSW. Health Impact Assessment of the Northern Territory Emergency Response. Canberra: Australian Indigenous Doctors’ Association, 2010.

The Australian Indigenous Doctors’ Association  (AIDA), in collaboration with the Centre for Health  Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE) at the University of New South Wales (UNSW)  and with financial support from the Fred Hollows  Foundation, undertook a health impact assessment  (HIA) of the Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER).

The purpose of the HIA is to predict what are likely to be positive, negative and/or  unintended health consequences of the  NTER, using a combination of evidence  from a variety of sources.

The measures of the NTER outlined in the legislation,  in associate media releases, and the NTER:  One Year On report (Department of Families,  Housing, Community Services and Indigenous  Affairs, 2008) were assessed for their predicted  health impacts based on the findings of community  meetings with more than 250 Aboriginal people  living in the prescribed communities, interviews  with 25 Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal stakeholders,  and a series of commissioned expert reviews.

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Equity Focused HIA of the Review of Goodooga Health Service

This report details the Goodooga community’s equity focussed health impact assessment of the Goodooga Health Service Review. The review was commissioned in late 2008 by GWAHS to inform proposed changes to the Goodooga Health Service (GHS).

Health Impact Assessment of the Redevelopment of Liverpool Hospital

Sydney South West Area Health Service

A Steering Committee was established in July 2006 to conduct a prospective HIA on the Redevelopment of  Liverpool Hospital. The focus of this project was on the construction phase of the redevelopment and the  scope covered four issues – reduced parking for staff, patients and visitors; health and wellbeing of staff and  the community; community and patient safety (non-traffic related); and increased traffic in the area (general  and construction traffic). Recommendations were developed for the Executive User Group (EUG) and these are currently being monitored by the EUG.

In August 2007, the Executive User Group (EUG) for the Liverpool Hospital Redevelopment endorsed the conduct of a second Health Impact Assessment (HIA) for the redevelopment. The scope for the HIA was defined as being environmental effects; health promoting effects and effects on patient recovery and staff wellbeing. The current status of the redevelopment in August 2008 determined that we should focus on developing recommendations for the detailed design and commissioning phases of the project. An EFHIA was chosen for this project because it was thought that the most value that could be added at these stages of the design process would be to focus on a consideration of equity issues related to the redevelopment. This consideration is most relevant to the Liverpool Hospital Redevelopment

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South East Queensland Regional Plan Health & Social Impact Assessment

Queensland Health, Queensland Department of Communities & Queensland Office of Urban Management

Abstract: A health and social impact assessment  of the South East Queensland Regional Plan was  undertaken in 2005 (Queensland Government,  2005). It is one of few attempts nationally and  globally to apply health and social impact assessment  to a regional planning process. The assessment  methodology builds on existing  evidence-based research, methodologies and the  combined professional experience of both health  and social impact assessment practices in  Queensland. The approach adds further strength  and rigour to planning strategies to enhance the  health and well-being of communities. The way the  South East Queensland Regional Plan is implemented,  and how the plan influences access to jobs,  education, affordable housing and social infrastructure,  and the achievement of social inclusion  and connectedness within communities, will be  central to future health and well-being of people in  South East Queensland.

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Equity Focused HIA of the South Australian ABHI School and Community Initiatives

Centre for Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE)

(EFHIA) undertaken on the South Australian Program Reference Document of the School and Community Based Activities under the Australian Better Health Initiative 2006-2010. The EFHIA focussed on four components: Regional Healthy Weight Coordinators, the Healthy Ways project in Aboriginal communities, CYWHS parent focused project, and professional development to support these initiatives.

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Flinders Street Redevelopment Project (Townsville) HIA

Queensland Health Tropical Population Health Services

In November 2008 a Rapid Desktop Health Impact Assessment was conducted on the Flinders Street Redevelopment project by the Health Promotion Service of the Tropical Population Health Services, Population Health Queensland. The identified health determinants were safety and security, access for all ages and abilities, social connectedness, participation and identity.

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Good for Kids Good For Life Equity Focused Health Impact Assessment

Hunter New England Area Health Service

This report outlines the methods and findings from the Hunter New England Area Health  Service’s (HNE AHS) ‘Good for Kids. Good for Life.’ program (Good for Kids) Health  Impact Assessment (HIA). The HIA was completed in the period December 2006 –  August 2007 and was implemented under the direction of a Good for Kids HIA working  party and staff of the Good for Kids program. As an HIA development site, the working  party and program staff received additional support from the University of NSW  Research Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity (CHETRE).

The purpose of the Good for Kids equity-focused HIA was to improve the equity with  which the program was delivered to Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. The use of  HIA’s in Aboriginal health contexts has been limited, so the HIA working party took the  opportunity modify the HIA so that it better reflected the principles of Aboriginal Health.  This involved drawing on equity-focussed HIA methodology, learning from HIA’s  completed in indigenous communities overseas and adopting an Aboriginal model of  health.

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Health Impact Assessment of Lithgow City Council’s Strategic Plan

Sydney West Area Health Service and Lithgow City Council

This report explains the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) process and presents the findings of the HIA  of the Lithgow City Council Strategic Plan, 2007. The primary output of the HIA is a set of evidencebased  recommendations geared to informing the decision-making process. These recommendations  aim to highlight practical ways to enhance the positive impacts or minimise any negative impacts on  health, well being and health inequalities that might arise or exist in response to the Lithgow City  Council Strategic Plan.

The Lithgow City Council Strategic Plan is the first long-term plan to be developed by Lithgow City Council  in collaboration and consultation with the community and government. It introduces a new framework  of strategic planning in the Lithgow local government area, which is driven by the community’s vision  and issues. The Plan incorporates the visions and strategies and feeds these into Council’s  management and operational plans to deliver actions that ultimately achieve the vision for the  community. The objective of the Strategic Plan is to provide the strategic framework for the future  development of the Lithgow Local Government Area and to encourage environmental, economic and  social sustainability (Lithgow City Council Strategic Plan, 2007, Page 4).

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Health Impact Assessment of the Wollongoing Foreshore Precinct Project

South East Sydney Illawarra Area Health Service & Wollongong City Council

The way we design our cities has been shown to have an impact on health. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) provides a systematic process for identifying the positive or negative impacts that could arise from proposed policies, programs or projects, such as local government planning proposals. A HIA was conducted by South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service, and Wollongong City Council on the Wollongong Foreshore Precinct (WFP) Project. The potential impact of the Project on physical activity, social cohesion and access to healthy food were assessed.

Oran Park and Turner Road Health Impact Assessment

Sydney South West Area Health Service and Camden City Council

In May 2007, the NSW Government released detailed draft plans to develop 12,000  new homes in Sydney’s south-west – with construction to start as early as 2008 in  Oran Park and Turner Road. It is anticipated that these plans will create healthy communities for families, with a mix of housing, jobs, schools, parks, transport, community facilities and shops. These precincts will offer a choice of accommodation including houses, terraces and units, to cater for singles, families and seniors. The Oran Park & Turner Road precincts are expected to provide 7,700 new jobs for Western Sydney – helping to achieve a key State Plan priority of more jobs close to home. Oran Park and Turner Road precincts are located in the Camden Local Government Area (LGA).

Sydney South West Area Health Service (SSWAHS) has been involved in the Greater Western Sydney Urban Development HIA with Western Sydney Region of Councils  (WSROC) and Sydney West Area Health Service (SWAHS), which assessed aspects of  the Sydney Metropolitan Strategy.  The Oran Park &Turner Road Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is seen as a valuable extension and application of this previous project.

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Coffs Harbour Our Living City Settlement Strategy Health Impact Assessment

North Coast Area Health Service and Coffs Harbour City Council

People’s health is influenced by the built, natural and social environments in which they live. Local governments have a crucial role to play in creating environments that promote opportunities for wellbeing and active living. The North Coast Area Health Service and the Coffs Harbour City Council have worked together on a HIA to ensure future plans for the Coffs Harbour Local Government Area consider how the community can make healthy choices the easy choices. The project is supported by the UNSW Centre Health Equity Training, Research and Evaluation (CHETRE).

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Bungendore Health Impact Assessment: A rapid HIA of two development scenarios

Greater Southern Area Health Service and Palerang Council

The village of Bungendore is located in the Southern Tablelands of NSW within the Palerang  Council local government area. It is estimated that approximately 2000 people now live in the village.  Recent population growth in Bungendore has highlighted the need for the provision of services  for current and future residents. Planning for Bungendore’s future is especially important and planning processes are currently underway. Feasible and sustainable development outcomes will be examined in this process.  In this report, two growth scenarios have been evaluated that investigate the implications of future growth on the health of its residents.

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Greater Granville Regeneration Strategy Health Impact Assessment

Sydney West Area Health Service, NSW Depart of Housing & Parramatta City Council

Urban regeneration is a complex, multifaceted process which has the potential to transform  Granville, a relatively disadvantaged suburb located close to the centre of Sydney in the local  government area of Parramatta. For the community of Granville it raises concerns of increased  densification, and creates expectations of improvements for this historic suburb.

Parramatta City Council and NSW Department of Housing have formed a formal partnership to  facilitate a collaborative approach to urban renewal. The regeneration of Granville was a project  initiated under this partnership agreement. Sydney West Area Health Service (SWAHS) became  involved for the purpose of conducting a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) on the urban  regeneration strategy and to participate in a whole of government and whole of community  context.

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Health Impact Assessment of the Wollongoing Foreshore Precinct Project

Dews C, Furber S, Gray E, Tranter D, Harris-Roxas B, Goldie A, Wallace C, Thackway S. Health Impact Assessment: Wollongong Foreshore Precinct Project. South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service, and Wollongong City Council, August 2006.

The way we design our cities has been shown to have an impact on health. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) provides a systematic process for identifying the positive or negative impacts that could arise from proposed policies, programs or projects, such as local government planning proposals. A HIA was conducted by South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service, and Wollongong City Council on the Wollongong Foreshore Precinct (WFP) Project. The potential impact of the Project on physical activity, social cohesion and access to healthy food were assessed.

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Indigenous Environmental Health Worker Proposal

North Coast Area Health Service

This report documents the findings obtained from an intermediate Health Impact Assessment (HIA) study. The study investigated environmental health projects and methods of improving living conditions within Indigenous communities in Australia and internationally. The purpose of the study was to identify models of best practice for enhancing community capacity to address indigenous environmental health issues.

This report has been structured to reflect the themes that emerged from the research. Indicators of success in environmental health projects for indigenous communities are discussed throughout this report. The fundamental indicator of success for environmental health projects in indigenous communities is sustainability.

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Health Service Realignment Health Impact Assessment

Greater Southern Area Health Service

This paper demonstrates how undertaking a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) assists in considering the likely impacts of a proposed reconfiguration in the model of health service delivery to a small rural community.  The proposed service changes are being considered in response to the ongoing issues of sustainability and access to health services in small rural communities, especially with regard to addressing the challenges of recruitment and retention of health staff and identifying the needs of ageing and decreasing populations.  Redesign of health service delivery and the consequent impacts on service quality, ability to access services, availability of services and workforce all need to be considered.

 

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